As the first vials of COVID-19 vaccines were disseminated in December, Imperva Research Labs monitored an astounding 51% increase in web application attacks on healthcare targets. The activity concludes an unprecedented year of cybersecurity activity. Imperva data shows the healthcare industry experienced 187 million attacks per month globally, on average, or roughly 498 attacks per organization each month. That’s a 10% increase year-over-year, and it underscores the growing vulnerability of web applications for healthcare organizations — many of which are still struggling to manage the demands of the on-going global pandemic.
Throughout 2020, cybercriminals used an array of vectors to attack vulnerable healthcare organizations with the top targets being facilities operating in the United States, Brazil, United Kingdom and Canada.
In December, Imperva researchers saw four specific attack types increase significantly in volume of recorded attacks:
- Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks increased 43% in December, and represents the largest number of overall attacks.
- SQL injections (SQLi) increased 44% and represents the second-largest volume of attacks.
- Protocol manipulation attacks increased at the greatest rate (76%) and represents the third-largest volume of overall attacks.
- Remote Code Execution/Remote File Inclusion (RCE/RFI) attacks increased by 68% in December, but registered a smaller overall attack volume.
Impact is Still Unknown … For Now
While the volume of attacks increased in 2020, reports show that the number of breaches decreased. As someone who has worked in cybersecurity for more than 20 years, this makes no sense. My hypothesis is that many organizations likely don’t know the extent or impact of these attacks yet. The reason being: for most of the year, healthcare was focused on trying to enable remote work while managing the frontline logistics of a global pandemic. Thus, less time was spent on threat research, incident response and incident analysis.
In the New Year, I predict many breaches will come home to roost, a theory I outline in an Imperva webinar. There is also some early evidence to support this prediction. In just the first three days of 2021, Imperva researchers saw a dramatic 43% increase in data leakage, the unauthorized transmission of data from within an organization to an external destination or recipient, which is often the result of a breach.
As Healthcare IT Transforms, the Threat Landscape Expands
Over the past year, IT transformation across every industry was accelerated to meet the challenges brought on by the global pandemic. In healthcare, the digital agenda sped up at an astonishing pace. By some estimates, what would normally take 10 years to accomplish will now be done in three years. I’ve even heard of digital initiatives with a timeline of weeks or months!
From expanding telehealth availability, to improving the patient experience through more digital channels, the healthcare industry adopted more cloud-based technologies and applications to achieve these goals. Based on my experience, many healthcare organizations rely on third-party applications anytime they can, instead of writing their own, for the convenience it offers, to reduce IT development risks and costs and to facilitate greater collaboration. While there are sometimes business advantages to third-party applications, the risks include: patching only on the vendor’s timeline, known exploits that are widely publicized and constant zero-day research on widely used third-party tools and APIs.
Defense At the Speed of Automated Attacks
While this latest threat intelligence paints a grim picture, there are actions healthcare organizations can take today to protect themselves.
- Protect data — and all paths to it. As the pace of digital transformation quickens, data resides in more places than ever before. Further, as healthcare organizations modernize their systems and power their services through APIs and applications, sensitive data has a far greater chance of exposure. Organizations need to invest in application and data security to offer multi-layered protection that allows legitimate traffic through and keeps bad actors out.
- Move away from point solutions. With teams under-resourced, managing a growing stack of point solutions to address each unique risk is unrealistic. Instead, find a partner that can offer an integrated platform that provides protection against the leading attacks and optimizes web performance, helping the organization to operate more efficiently and securely.
- Don’t forget regulatory compliance. Most privacy and data security regulations today require healthcare providers and payers to demonstrate access controls and monitoring for all access to sensitive patient healthcare information.
Imperva Is Ready to Help As the Threat Landscape Changes
Trusted by more than 6,200 customers around the world, Imperva protects healthcare organizations’ applications, data and websites from cyber-attacks. With an integrated approach that combines edge, application and data security, Imperva protects companies through all stages of their digital journey. With market-leading solutions, Imperva helps healthcare organizations comply with the myriad of stringent data protection regulations and mandates, as well as enforce policies, entitlements and audit controls.